14 Aviv- the First Month
Lev. 23:5, The Lord`s Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.
Ex. 12: 1-14,(…) Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household (…). The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs (…). On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn- both men and animals- and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am Jehovah. The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt. Killing all firstborn was the last plague that came on Egypt. The angel of death passed over every house, where he saw the blood of the lamb. That night God brought judgment over all gods of Egypt and showed who was really ruling there. Then pharaoh let Israel leave Egypt.
John 1:29, Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! –with these words John the Baptist described Jesus. He became the fulfillment of the Passover. Luke 22:7-20. Eating the Passover Supper with His disciples He said: I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God (…).And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying,” This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me”. (…) In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you. Vine symbolizes the blood of Jesus, and the Passover bread-pastry without leaven (sin) – His body and death on the cross.
The Biblical day begins and ends in the evening. After eating the Passover supper Jesus goes to the Gethsemane garden to pray there. Judas comes there with a bunch of armed people and betrays Jesus. At the same night-on the same day of the Passover- Jesus is judged by the Jewish Court Sanhedrin (illegally, because no one could be sentenced to death at night) in the house of the High Priest Caiaphas. He speaks with Pilatus in the morning and later with Herod, and again with Pilatus who finally commands to crucify Him. It takes place about the midday. Jesus dies in a very special way giving His spirit away in a few hours, just at the same day in the Passover feast. The next day, 15-th of Aviv is the Sabbath day (day free from work), the first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread, so the Jews hurry up to take the bodies away from the crosses before the evening. People were dying on the cross even for a few days, so after making sure (by sticking a spear in Jesus` side and seeing the blood with water flowing from His body) that He has already died, they take His body off the cross and put it in the nearby grave. Jesus descends to hell- spends there three days and three nights and then He is raised from the dead. That memorable Passover had to take place on Tuesday evening. On Wednesday midday Jesus was crucified- it is still the Passover day. Thursday is the Sabbath day- the first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread, and then we have Friday-women go to the market to buy ointment to anoint the body of Jesus. The weekly Sabbath begins on Friday evening and Jews have to rest. The Word in original Greek says that there were two Sabbaths between the death and resurrection of Jesus. This gives us three days and three nights. Jesus is raised from the death on the Sabbath day, and first people saw Him on the first day of week.
Jesus Christ became the Lamb of God, the sacrifice, so that everyone who believes in Him could be born again and enter the Kingdom of God.