By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done, Gen. 2:2-3.
God had established the Sabbath on the seventh day of creation long before He gave His nation the Ten Words- Commandments on the Mount Sinai. This is the appointed time by Him- moed in Hebrew, given to all people as a time of rest.
The God`s Sabbath is not Sunday or any other day of the week chosen by a man. Sabbath like every Biblical day begins in the evening, in this case- on Friday evening and it lasts to Saturday evening. (…)And there was evening, and there was morning- the first day, Gen.1:5.
God blessed this day and made it holy, or separated, predestined for Himself. The Sabbath is the door to the spiritual realm, to the Presence of God, the foretaste of life in heaven. The Jews call this day the Queen and the Bride.
In the Sabbath day we learn to walk in the Spirit, faith and rest- for anyone who enters God`s rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from his. Hebr. 3:12-19, 4:1-11.
The Sabbath day should be observed by faith, not legalistically. Jesus, while walking on the earth, fought against observing the Sabbath day legalistically. However, He didn`t abolish the Sabbath, but He fulfilled it. The Sabbath day was observed by the New Testament assemblies of Israel, both the Jews believing in Jesus, and the converted from the Gentiles. It was changed officially to Sunday- the feast of sun god – by the emperor Constantine in the IV century.
The Sabbath day is a sign of the Covenant we have with God, Ex. 31:16.
The Sabbath day is the day of rest, but not only physical rest. There are weekly and festival Sabbaths. Every seventh year is the Sabbath year.
Observing the Sabbath day is the expression of love and honor towards God, dependence on Him, and also hatred of world`s systems independent from God. Do not love the world or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 1John 2:15-17, James 4:4.
Jesus was resurrected on Sabbath- it is seen in the Gospels. Mary Magdalene who saw Him first on the first day of the week wasn`t the witness of the moment of resurrection. She saw the fruit of resurrection- a rolled away stone and Jesus alive.
Jesus was often criticized for healing people on Sabbath, as if it was a job. But He only demonstrated what the Sabbath really was- rest, and in this case- the rest of the body. Healing is the Sabbath for the body.
If Jesus could have healed on Sabbath using dunamis, in Greek-the power of God performing miracles, then He could have been raised from the dead by the same power on the Sabbath day.