Lev. 23:15-22, From the day after Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks (…) From wherever you live, bring two loaves(…). Shavuot is the pilgrim feast, the only one without fixed date. It is necessary to count seven full weeks or fifty days from the first Sabbath after the Passover Feast. So, it is always in the first day of the week.
Here we have the only case when God allows offering two loaves sourdough baked – a symbol of sin. These two loaves symbolize sinners: the House of Judah-the Jews and the House of Israel- the Gentiles.
On this day God gave Ten Words-Commandments on the Mount Sinai. After Jesus resurrection-the Holy Spirit descended on the one hundred and twenty people gathered together in the Temple on the Day of Pentecost and signed again the Words of God-the Law, in the hearts of the gathered, as it had been earlier foretold. This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel (…) I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.(…) Hebr.8:8-12, 10:16-17. On that day God confirmed the Covenant made by Jesus on the day of Passover, When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. Acts 2:1-4. In these harvest of God, after manifestation of the Holy Spirit and Peter`s preaching, three thousand people were born again, baptized in water and received the Holy Spirit.
Shavuot is the feast of the first harvest. Barley harvest ends, and wheat harvest begins. The book of Ruth records the history of a romantic love of Moabite Ruth and Judean Boaz, which happened during a barley harvest. It shows that God is full of mercy and He can even change His decisions for everyone who really believes in Him. According to the Word the Moabites were not allowed to enter the Assembly of God. Ruth, by her faith and action, not only entered but also became the great-grandmother of King David, whose descendant is the Messiah-Jesus. This history teaches also the respect towards elderly people and shows the blessing flowing from it. Many things can be done when a younger generation cooperates with the experienced and wiser older generation. Ruth tells to her mother-in law, Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Your people will be my people and your God my God. It teaches us how diligence is important in life, which brings goods in fact(…) she went into the field and has worked steadily from morning till now, except for a short rest in the shelter. It is not speculation and laziness, but hard work that brings blessing. It indicates to help the poor, but it also shows God`s strategy in this matter. We should rather create conditions for work and teach poor people to earn their own money, than give them money regularly. Ruth followed the reapers and gleaned left for her by them. When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Leave them for the poor and the alien. Lev. 23:22.